by William H. Miller
The federal immigration station on Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, opened on 1st January 1892. In the peak years of immigration to the United States, between 1905 and 1914, an average of 1 million people were processed each year at Ellis Island, the peak coming in 1907, when on 17th April alone over 11,000 migrants passed through the station on their way to a new life. After the First World War, a series of Immigration Acts, especially that of 1924, dramatically reduced the numbers passing through Ellis Island.
During the peak years of immigration, migrants constituted the main source of revenue for transatlantic steamship companies sailing to New York from ports across Europe, from Trieste in the Adriatic to Queenstown on the coast of Ireland (now Cobh).
They travelled in ships of all sizes, from the massive prestige liners of Cunard and the White Star Line down to much smaller vessels.
This is a very well put together book listing all ships that brought migrants to Ellis Island together with their history, and where possible, a photo of the vessel. I would very highly recommend it to our readers.
Paperback: 168mm x 246mm, 128 pp illustrated